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Cardiovascular Technologist or Technician


Cardiovascular technologists and technicians assist physicians in diagnosing and treating cardiac (heart) and peripheral vascular (blood vessel) ailments.

Cardiovascular Technologists

A cardiovascular technologist works in a cardiac cath lab and performs very complex procedures, including stent implants, cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators and performs other tests to diagnose heart disease. They take emergency calls and participate in saving the lives of those who are having a heart attack. Cardiovascular technologists may specialize in three areas of practice:

  • Invasive cardiology
  • Cardiac sonography
  • Vascular technology/sonography

Cardiovascular Technicians

Cardiovascular technicians specialize in electrocardiograms (ECGs or EKGs), stress testing and Holter monitors are known as cardiographic or ECG technicians.

Working Conditions

Technologists and technicians generally work a five-day, 40-hour week that may include weekends. Those in catheterization labs tend to work longer hours and may work evenings. They also may be on call during the night and on weekends.

Cardiovascular technologists typically make between $50,000 and $100,000 per year depending on the state and hospital they work in. The median salary (meaning half earn less and half earn more) for cardiovascular technologists in the United States as of May 2016 is $63,656.

Cardiovascular/ECG technicians generally get paid by the hour, earning an average yearly salary of $29,270.

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About a Career as a Cardiovascular Technologist or Technician

About Health Care Careers

Note: The Alliance of Cardiovascular Professionals reviewed this career profile.

 (Photo: Getty Images)
$27,000 - $140,000
Years to complete
post-high school education
2 - 4
Job outlook


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Academic Requirements

Cardiovascular Technologists

A cardiovascular technologist must go to college to get an associate or bachelor's degree. One year is dedicated to core courses followed by a year of specialized instruction in one of these specialties:  

  • Invasive cardiology: for students who plan to work in a cardiac catheterization lab or with the cardiac catheterization suite, which sometimes includes electrophysiology
  • Noninvasive cardiology: for students who plan to work in Holter monitor, stress and pacemaker testing  
  • Noninvasive echo cardiology: for students who plan to work with cardiovascular ultrasound
  • Noninvasive vascular cardiology: for students who plan to work in peripheral vascular cardiology

Cardiovascular Technicians

To become a cardiovascular technician, you need a high school diploma. You can be trained on the job. You may also choose to attend a certificate program or earn an associate degree.

Accreditation and Credentials

If you are interested in training for either career, look for a program that is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)

On completion of the instruction, technologists and technicians can become credentialed in that specialty. Those who are qualified in a related allied health profession (for example, nursing) only need to complete the year of specialized instruction.